What Is Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 Diabetes affects about 90- 95 % of the 26 million Americans with diabetes. It is the most common form of diabetes once called non-insulin dependent diabetes.
People with type 2 diabetes make insulin in their bodies, but either their pancreas does not make enough insulin or their bodies cannot use the insulin well enough. This is called insulin resistance. When there isn't enough insulin or the insulin is not used as it should be, glucose (sugar) can't get into the body's cells. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, the body's cells are not able to function properly.
Gluten is a general name for the proteins found in wheat. According to Wikipedia Gluten is a mixture of proteins found in wheat and related grains, including barley, rye, oat (depending on cultivar and processing), and all their species and hybrids . It gives elasticity to dough, helping it rise and keep its shape and often gives the final product a chewy texture. It is a composite of storage proteins and it is conjoined with starch in the endosperm of various grass related grains. The fruit of most flowering plants have endosperms with stored protein to nourish embryonic plants during germination. True gluten is limited to certain members of the grass family. The stored proteins of maize and rice are sometimes called glutens, but their proteins differ from true gluten.
Overweight and obesity is listed as one of the leading health indicators in America today (Healthy People 2010). According to Healthy people 2010, overweight and obesity are major contributors to many preventable causes of death. Higher body rates are associated with higher death rates (Healthy People 2010). Healthy People 2010 stated that the number of obese children, adolescents and adults has risen over the past four decades and the total costs both medical and lost productivity attributable to obesity alone has totaled to be an estimated $99 billion in 1995. During 1988-1994, 11% of children and adolescent ages 6-19 were obese, and during these same years, 23% of adults ages 20 and older were considered obese (Healthy People, 2010).